Eastern U.S., principally Northern and Lake states.
Birch has a white sapwood and light reddish brown heartwood. The wood is generally straight-grained with a fine, uniform texture, and is generally characterized by a plain, often curly or wavy pattern.
The wood works fairly easily, glues well with care, takes stain extremely well, and nails and screws satisfactorily where pre-boring is advised. It dries rather slowly with little degrade, but it has moderately high shrinkage, so is susceptible to movement in performance.
Birch is a heavy wood, hard, and strong. It has very good benign properties, with good crushing strength and shock resistance.
Reasonable availability, but more limited if selected for color.
Furniture, millwork and paneling, doors, flooring, kitchen cabinets, turnings, and toys.