Smart, Cost-Effective, Treasured for Generations.

Beech

Fagus grandifolia
 
 

Stain Selector

Clear

Light

Medium

Dark

 

Known as "Mother of the Forest" for its nutrient-rich humus. Beech has a long, illustrious past. The Aryan Tribes of Asia, the earliest known people to use a written language, carved their messages into the soft, smooth pliable bark of the beech tree trunk. The writings, cut out of the bark and used intact, were called "boc," which eventually became "book."

Where It Grows

Throughout the Eastern U.S., commercial concentration is in the Central and Middle Atlantic states. Average tree height is 120 feet.

Main uses

Furniture, doors, flooring, millwork, paneling, brush handles, woodenware, bending stock, toys and turnings. It is particularly suitable for food and liquid containers since there is no odor or taste.

Relative Abundance

0.4 percent of total U.S. hardwoods commercially available.

Did You Know?

Beech was used to make snuff boxes as well as mortars and pestles.

General Description

The sapwood is white with a red tinge, while the heartwood is light to dark reddish brown. The wood is generally straight-grained with a close uniform texture.

Working Properties

Beech works readily with most hand and machine tools. It has good nailing and gluing properties and can be stained to a good finish. The wood dries fairly rapidly but with a strong tendency to warp, split and surface check. It is subject to a high shrinkage and moderate movement in performance.

Physical Properties

Beech is classed as heavy, hard, strong, high in resistance to shock and
highly suitable for steam bending. Good resistance to abrasive wear.

Availability

Limited

Working Properties


Machining

 
 
 
 
 
Poor
Good

Nailing

 
 
 
 
 
Poor
Good

Screwing

 
 
 
 
 
Poor
Good

Gluing

 
 
 
 
 
Poor
Good

Finishing

 
 
 
 
 
Poor
Good